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About Parkinson's Disease

What is Parkinson's?

Parkinson’s owes its name to an English surgeon called James Parkinson, who published an article in 1817 describing the symptoms of the condition. He first called the condition ´shaking palsy’ but years later it was renamed Parkinson’s disease. It is still not entirely clear how the condition comes about, but what we know is that the symptoms are caused by a lack of dopamine...

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Bial-Parkinson-What is Parkinson's?

What causes Parkinson's?

Parkinson's is a disease caused by loss of specific brain neurons producing dopamine, a small neurological molecule responsible for controlling the movement.

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Causes of Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's Symptoms

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease vary from person to person. At the beginning, the symptoms are mild and often go unnoticed. The most typical signs of Parkinson’s are what is called the ‘motor symptoms’. These are mainly shaking, slowness of movement and muscle stiffness.

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Parkinson's Symptoms

How does Parkinson’s progress?

Parkinson’s develops very slowly and gradually. Before the typical signs of Parkinson’s appear, such as the shaking, muscle stiffness, slowness of movement and difficulty walking, some people may experience other symptoms such as loss of smell, anxiety, mood problems, pain, excessive sweating or changes in blood pressure.

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The Progression of Parkinson's

Managing PD with medications

There is still no cure for Parkinson’s but there are several types of medications that help control its symptoms. The most common ones are the levodopa containing medications, the dopamine agonists, the MAO-B inhibitors and the COMT inhibitors.

People living with Parkinson’s lack of dopamine, but dopamine if taken just like that, it never reaches the brain where it needs to work.

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Medication for Parkinson's